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Cryptocurrency Regulation Urgency: Supreme Court Demands Answers from Indian Government

Urgent Call for Crypto Regulation and Expert Investigation Agency: Supreme Court Presses Union Government for Answers

In a recent development, the Supreme Court of India has raised concerns about the lack of a regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies and the absence of an expert agency to investigate criminal cases related to digital currencies. The court directed the government of India to clarify its stance on establishing a federal agency to handle such matters and emphasized the importance of protecting innocent investors from fraudulent activities.

The Court's Concerns

During the proceedings, the Supreme Court expressed dismay over the Union government's failure to enact a law to regulate cryptocurrencies despite having previously stated its intent to do so. The absence of a clear legal framework has raised serious doubts about how authorities handle cases involving digital currencies and how investors can be protected from scams and fraudulent activities.

The Need for a Specialized Agency

The court also highlighted the lack of an expert agency at the national level to investigate complex cryptocurrency-related crimes. Currently, the investigation of such cases is being handled by regular law enforcement personnel who may lack the necessary expertise and understanding of the intricacies of these transactions. The court stressed that a national specialized agency is crucial to ensure effective investigations and protect the interests of investors.

The Plight of Innocent Investors

One of the primary reasons for the urgency in establishing a regulatory framework is the increasing number of innocent investors falling victim to cryptocurrency fraud. The lack of proper regulation has allowed fraudsters to exploit the system, leading to financial losses for many individuals across the country. A robust legal regime and an expert agency could provide better safeguards against such fraudulent activities, potentially preventing innocent investors from being duped.

Responsibility and Accountability

The court raised the critical question of responsibility concerning the prevention of cryptocurrency-related crimes. With no clear mechanism in place, it becomes challenging to hold offenders accountable for their actions. The absence of a proper regulatory structure leaves the door open for criminals to siphon off funds illegally, making it akin to the illegal hawala transactions that have plagued the nation in the past.

The Petitioners' Pleas

The Supreme Court's concerns were voiced during the hearing of petitions filed by Ganesh Shivkumar Sagar, a Delhi resident facing charges in cryptocurrency fraud cases in multiple states. In his pleas, Sagar sought bail and requested that all the cases against him be handed over to a central agency for investigation. These petitions highlight the urgency of having a specialized agency that can effectively handle such cases and bring the culprits to justice.


The lack of a regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies in India has raised significant concerns about the security and protection of investors. The Supreme Court's questions and observations have underscored the pressing need for the Union government to establish a robust legislative mechanism and a specialized agency to investigate cryptocurrency-related crimes. By doing so, the government can not only safeguard the interests of innocent investors but also demonstrate its commitment to curbing fraudulent activities and ensuring the integrity of the country's financial system. It remains to be seen how the Union government responds to the court's directives and takes concrete steps to address these critical issues surrounding cryptocurrencies.


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